When studying your university degree, you may encounter types of essays that you haven’t written before. Typical university assignments include:
- research essay
- literature review
- annotated bibliography
- critical or analytical review
- case study
- lab report
- project report
Each asks you to examine and present a thesis in a different form and each needs a different approach.
Each assignment type is designed to test your knowledge, understanding and progress in a subject in a different way to a standard essay.
Understanding the requirements, form and formats of every assignment is vital because if you have been asked to produce a review and you write a cause and effect essay you immediately have failed the first test – not understanding the assignment. If you miss off an annotated bibliography, you’ll lose marks. Just as it’s vital to understand the nuances between a literature review and an analytical review, knowing how to write up a case study versus producing a lab report is key to delivering to the assignment set.
This table displays the types, their differences and their nuances.
|Type of essay||Intention||Tone||Structure|
||Intro, body & conclusion|
|Annotated bibliography||Find important articles and assess their usefulness||
|Critical or analytical review||Evaluate information and research methods||
Assess how good the work is
||IMRAD headings (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion)|
|Project report||Make a plan to follow, or examine results of plan already carried out||